African Great Apes - Evolution, Diversity, and Conservation -

Program of International Symposium for the 21st Century COE
A14, Kyoto University
Formation of a Strategic Base for the Multidisciplinary Strategy of Biodiversity

African Great Apes

Evolution, Diversity, and Conservation

March 3, 2004 at Kyoto Garden Palace; March 4-5, 2004 at Kyodai-Kaikan


March 3 (Wednesday) at Kyoto Garden Palace

13:00-15:00 Registration
15:00-17:30 Poster Session
18:00-20:00 Welcome Party

March 4 (Thursday) at Kyodai-Kaikan

09:00-09:30 Toshisada Nishida (Kyoto University)
Organizer’s introduction

Session 1. Behavioral Diversity and Origins of Human Culture

Chairperson William C. McGrew

09:30-10:10 William C. McGrew (Miami University)
Compare and contrast: cultural primatology and the cultures of primatology, in the chimpanzees of Mahale and Gombe, Tanzania.
10:10-10:50 John C. Mitani (Michigan University)
Demographic influences on the behavior of chimpanzees: lessons from Ngogo.

10:50-11:10 Coffee Break

11:10-11:50 Michio Nakamura (Japan Monkey Center)
Another side of culture: beyond humanlike complexities.
11:50-12:30 Tetsuro Matsuzawa (PRI, Kyoto University)
Prerequisites of cultural transmission in chimpanzees.

12:30-13:30 Lunch

Session 2. Sympatry and Coexistence of African Great Apes

Chairperson Juichi Yamagiwa

13:30-14:10 Juichi Yamagiwa (Kyoto University)
Foraging strategies of gorillas and chimpanzees in the sympatric habitats: hints for socioecological features of early hominid.
14:10-14:50 Craig Stanford (University of Southern California)
The sympatric ecology of great apes: implications for the evolution of the hominoid diet.
14:50-15:30 Melissa J. Remis (Purdue University)
Ecological adaptation of western lowland gorillas: behavioral, morphological and nutritional aspects of gorilla diet and niche separation from sympatric chimpanzees.

15:30-15:50 Coffee Break

Session 3. Natural Environments and Evolution of African Great Apes

Chairperson Michael Huffman

15:50-16:30 Michael Huffman (PRI, Kyoto University)
The chimpanzees of Rubondo Island: repatriation to Africa and the adaptation of West African chimpanzees to an East Africa environment.
16:30-17:10 Kevin D. Hunt (Indiana University)
Chimpanzee socioecology in a hot, dry habitat: implications for early hominin evolution.
17:10-17:50 Dean P. Anderson (University of Wisconsin-Madison)
Chimpanzee movement patterns and social ecology in the Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire.

March 5 (Friday) at Kyodai-Kaikan

Session 4. The Significance of Pan Social Behavior

Chairperson Frans B. M. de Waal

09:00-09:40 Frans B. M. de Waal (Yerkes Primate Research Center)
Similarities and instructive differences in the social organization of wild and captive chimpanzees.
09:40-10:20 Roman M. Wittig (Max-Planck Institute)
Reconciliation and cooperation: comparison between species of the genera Pan, Gorilla and Homo.
10:20-11:00 Takeshi Furuichi (Meiji-Gakuin University)
Towards the understanding of behavioral diversity among bonobo populations, and between bonobos and chimpanzees.

11:00-11:20 Coffee Break

11:20-12:00 Chie Hashimoto (PRI, Kyoto University)
Comparison of sexual behaviors between chimpanzees and bonobos.
12:00-12:40 Richard W. Wrangham (Harvard University)
The evolution and devolution of violence: how Pan illuminates Homo.

12:40-13:40 Lunch

Session 5. Contributions of African Great Apes to Biodiversity

Chairperson John Oates

13:40-14:20 John Oates (Hunter College)
Great ape conservation challenges in the Gulf of Guinea biodiversity hotspot.
14:20-15:00 James V. Wakibara (Tanzania National Parks)
Great apes and seed dispersal: implications for conservation.
15:00-15:40 Andrew Plumptre (Wildlife Conservation Society)
Counting apes for conservation.
15:40-16:20 Magdalena Bermejo (University of Barcelona)
Ebola and the decline of gorillas and chimpanzees in the Lossi Faunal Reserve , North Congo.

16:20-16:40 Coffee Break

Session 6. Great Apes as the World Heritage Species

Chairperson Richard W. Wrangham

16:40-17:20 Karl Amman (Conservationist, Photographer)
Great ape conservation and the bushmeat crisis.
17:20-18:00 Ian Redmond (Great Apes Survival Project)
Focus and perspectives of Great Apes Survival Project (tentative).
18:00-18:10 Toshisada Nishida (Kyoto University)
Toward the establishment of GRASP-Japan.

Closing remark. Juichi Yamagiwa

Closing Party (~20:00)